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Ismail Samani


Abū Ibrāhīm Ismā'īl ibn Aḥmad (Persian: ابو ابراهیم اسماعیل بن احمد سامانی‎; May 849 – 24 November 907), better simply known as Ismail Samani (اسماعیل سامانی), and also known as Isma'il ibn Ahmad (اسماعیل بن احمد), was the Samanid amir of Transoxiana (892–907) and Khorasan (900–907). His reign saw the emergence of the Samanids as a powerful force. He was the son of Ahmad ibn Asad and a descendant of Saman Khuda, the eponymous ancestor of the Samanid dynasty who renounced Zoroastrianism and embraced Islam.

Although the Samanids were Persian speakers of Iranian stock, their original language and origin is uncertain. They were native to Balkh, which suggests that they came from a Bactrian background.[4] The family itself claimed to be the descendants of the Parthian Mihran family, one of the Seven Great Houses of Iran during the pre-Islamic Sasanian era. However, this was possibly a mere attempt to enhance their lineage. They may have been originally of Hephthalite descent,[a] due to one of their coins resembling that of the same style of the Hephthalites, instead of the Sasanians. Regardless, the Samanid royal family both spoke and advocated Persian, probably part of their aim to spread the belief that their rule was a continuum of the Sasanian Empire.
Ismail is known in history as a competent general and a strong ruler; many stories about him are written in Arabic and Persian sources. Furthermore, because of his campaigns in north, his empire was so safe from enemy incursions that the defences of Bukhara and Samarkand were unused. However, this later had consequences; at the end of the dynasty, the earlier strong, but now falling apart walls, were greatly missed by the Samanids, who were constantly under attack by the Karakhanids and other enemies.
The Samanid state was formed during the collapse of the Abbasid caliphate. Ismail Samani (849–907) is considered the founder of the Samanid state, although the lands of Khorezm and Fararud were deposited from the Caliphate several decades earlier - in 819 AD. e. In the 1st half of the 10th century, during the period of economic and cultural prosperity, the Samanid state included Maverannahr, Khorasan, Northern and Eastern Iran. A number of state entities - Khorezm, Ghazni and others - were in vassal dependence on the Samanids. The Samanid Empire (819–999) was founded on the territory of modern eastern Iran and Uzbekistan by Saman Khudat, a landowner from Balkh in northern Afghanistan. At the peak of its development, this empire encompassed parts of modern Iran, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan. It is known that the Samanids patronized trade, science and the arts. They contributed to the spread of Persian and Islamic culture deep into Central Asia and even carried on trade with certain regions of Europe. Among the most significant cultural achievements of the Samanid era are the works of the poet Firdousi, Samanid silver coins and new styles in ceramics.

Distinguished Members of Senate and Lower Chamber of the Parliament, Esteemed Compatriots, The 2018 was indeed a historical year for the noble people of Tajikistan and the independent state of the Tajiks by its very important and memorable events. On World Water Day, 22 March 2018, our fourth global initiative in the field of water resources – the International Decade for Action: Water for Sustainable Development (2018-2028) was officially launched with the participation of the President of Tajikistan in the UN General Assembly. Due to the climate change the issue of protection of clean drinking water sources and resources has turned into one of the main challenges of the Globe’s population, and Tajikistan is recognized as an initiator and champion in this area at ....>>>


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