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Bobojon Ghafurov

763Bobojon Ghafurov (18 December 1908 – 12 July 1977) was a Tajik historian, academician, and the author of several books published in Russian and Tajik, including History of Tajikistan and The Tajiks.

Ghafurov, the son of poet Roziya Ozod, was born in the village of Isfisar near Khujand in Tajikistan. He received his PhD from the Institute of History of the USSR Academy of Sciences in Moscow in 1941 with a dissertation on "History of the Isma’ili Sect". Ghafurov's book The Tajiks (Tojikon) is especially influential in modern Tajikistan. Instead of accepting that Tajiks were simply Uzbeks who "forgot their language", as Uzbek nationalists commonly argue, The Tajiks argues that Uzbeks were Turkified from the original Iranian population of Central Asia.
From 1944 to 1946, he was the Second Secretary and, from August 1946 to 24 May 1956, he was the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan. From 1956 to the end of his life, Ghafurov served as the Director of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union, and the Editor of the Asia and Africa journal." The town of Ghafurov and Ghafurov district (formally known as Bobojon Ghafurov district), in the Sughd Province of Tajikistan, are named after him.
The main book is Tajiks, dedicated to the history of the people. He believed that the process of consolidation of Tajiks from tribes into a single nation has not yet been completed, and for this process it is necessary to create a national history. The historian-archaeologist B. A. Litvinsky argued that the book "Tajiks" was actually written by him together with his wife E. A. Davidovich; this statement provoked protests from Tajik scholars [5]. Rumors that Gafurov’s works were actually written by other people also went to the Institute of Oriental Studies. According to A. A. Formozov, “it was not a secret to any member of the Academic Council that the book“ History of the Tajik people ”was not written by a dissertation student, but by I. S. Braginsky”. According to the memoirs of I. M. Dyakonov, “the only one of the first secretaries, he realized that this situation may not last forever, and prudently published his own book,“ History of Tajikistan ”. Who prepared it, I do not know. My brother M. M. wrote a rather negative review on it, not taking into account the fact that he still will have to work in Tajikistan in the future as an archaeologist. But Gafurov was not offended, but released a new edition of the amended book, after which he was elected a full member of the Republican Academy. ”
In 1989, Belarusian geographer Alexander Goncharov and geobotanist, Doctor of Geographical Sciences, professor of the Belarusian State Pedagogical University, Okmir Agahanyants, discussed Gafurov's work Tajiks published in Russian in two volumes. Agahanyants, who lived and worked in Tajikistan for a long time and personally knew Gafurov, spoke highly of him as a historian and considered the published monograph a brilliant scientific work on the history of the Tajik people.


Distinguished Members of Senate and Lower Chamber of the Parliament, Esteemed Compatriots, The 2018 was indeed a historical year for the noble people of Tajikistan and the independent state of the Tajiks by its very important and memorable events. On World Water Day, 22 March 2018, our fourth global initiative in the field of water resources – the International Decade for Action: Water for Sustainable Development (2018-2028) was officially launched with the participation of the President of Tajikistan in the UN General Assembly. Due to the climate change the issue of protection of clean drinking water sources and resources has turned into one of the main challenges of the Globe’s population, and Tajikistan is recognized as an initiator and champion in this area at ....>>>


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