The history of celebrating Navruz - the sacred book of Zoroastrianism "Avesta" . The roots of the holiday goes far back in history to 3000 years before ery. Istoriya origin of Navruz , as indicated in the " Navruznoma " (The Book of Navruz) Omar Khayam, leaves at the time of one of the oldest in the world and the history of the kingdom of the Persians - Peshdodien . In the " Shahnameh " origin of the holiday is associated with the legendary King Jamshed . When Jamshed grasped that day , he called his Navruz and introduced him to the practice as a holiday. Kings and other people followed emu. When Jamshed built a throne of gold (according to legend, it was pervyytron in human history), and raised him to the highest mountain at sunrise , gold glittered in the sunlight and there was light , like the sun . This day is called the Navruz and began to celebrate it as the beginning of the new year . During the celebration of Navruz arrange a variety of activities . In the spirit of folk traditions are organized horse racing, kozlodranie(catch the goat) ( buzhkashi tjk ) , wrestling athletes , buchulbozi , argamchinbozi ( skipping rope ) , lankabozi , tuhmzanak , idgardak .
Much attention is paid to the preparation of the holiday table . On the festive table necessarily put only food. Put on the table dishes that begin with the letter "s" and "sh" . As a rule, it is festive table 2 : " haftsin " and " haftshin ." " Sin " and " tires " - the names of the letters "s" and "sh" in the Persian alphabet , and the " Haft " means 7. In Zoroastrianism and Islam, the number 7 is considered sacred . In ancient times there was also " haftmim " (" meme " - the name of the letter " m " in the Persian alphabet ), but because of the many costs of such a table is set rare. " Haftsin " brought the Arabs , because in Islam prohibited the use of wine , but they failed to eradicate " Haftshin ."
The symbol of Nawruz and the new year is sumanak ( Sumalak ) . Sumanak should be ready before the sun rises on the main day of the holiday. During cooking sumanaka women and children sing holiday songs , read poetry . Sumanak - it's not a simple dish , it's something sacred. So before cooking master chef reads surah of the Qur'an , namely "Ihlos"( purity of heart) Sumanak distributed to all the neighbors, relatives , friends, friends. Before you try it, you need three wishes , they can be filled during the year.
The proposal to introduce a new date in the calendar of the United Nations by the governments of several countries : Albania, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan , Macedonia , India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan , Tajikistan , Turkmenistan and Turkey. February 23, the General Assembly adopted the initiative in these countries, and consolidated its international holiday on March 21 - Day of Nowruz. International Day of Nowruz (International Day of Nowruz) is celebrated since 2010. Navruz - the New Year's holiday in a number of peoples of Eurasia , it also marks the first day of spring and the renewal of nature . The origin of the holiday is rooted in the pre-literate era of human history. We hope that people around the world will celebrate this day . And even in times of crisis , turmoil and changes that are taking place , in particular, and in the very regions where the tradition of celebrating the holiday , the Feast of Navruz always let prevail!